(b. February 18, 1906, d. October 21, 1980) Hans Asperger was an Austrian pediatrician. Asperger syndrome is named after his name.
Born on a farm outside Vienna, Asperger displayed an early talent for languages. He was a member in the youth movements of the 1920s. He earned his medical doctorate in 1931, and found his first job a year later as a member of the university children’s clinic. In 1934, his career developed with a move to the psychiatric hospital in Leipzig.
At the very time Kanner was studying the 11 children in Baltimore, Maryland, the Vienna-born Dr. Hans Asperger (1906-1980) was studying 200 families with children who had similarity to the children Kanner was observing except that they appeared not to have the severe language delays. In 1944, he published an article in German that was only translated into English in 1989. Although the term, Asperger’s Syndrome was first used in 1981 by the British psychiatrist Lorna Wing whose daughter is diagnosed with autism, the DSM-IV, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 4th edition, uses the term “Asperger’s disorder”.
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